Yorkshire Terrier dogs are small companion dogs with an adorable unique look. They crave excitement and adventure. Though, these high spirited dogs can become snappy when frightened or teased unnecessarily. This unpredictable behavior is generally not desirable in houses with small children. Therefore, these dogs are more reliable with older children not the younger ones.
The origin of this cute lap dog is not very clear. Still, they are believed to have been developed in England from the breeding of various other Terrier dogs. In earlier times, they were bigger in size than the ones we see now. They were supposed to hunt and fetch small animals like rats from clothing mills and mine shafts. They used to participate in rat killing contests too.
These glamorous dogs have a compact, well proportioned body. The small face with medium sized muzzle and sparkling eyes bears an intelligent and curious expression. It is interesting to note that these dogs are born with a black coat which gradually transforms into blue and tan colors with the passage of time. The small, erect ears bear a deep and rich tan color. The end of the tail is usually darker shade of blue as compared to the same color present over the rest of the body.
Color: Blue and tan. Piebald Yorkies are also existent but are considered as a different breed named Biewer.
Height: Yorkshire Terriers whether males or females generally grow up to 6 or 7 inches in height.
Weight: The ideal Yorkshire Terrier weight should be around 7 pounds.
These dogs are prone to health issues like Hypothyroidism, Portosystemic or Liver Shunts, Hypoglycemia, Renal Failure, Bladder Stones, Retinal Dysplasia, Distichiasis, Cataract, Bronchitis, thigh bone deneration, slipped kneecaps and other related diseases. Hydrocephalus, a common disease resulting in brain damage, is known to affect most of the toy breeds.
As far as possible, try to feed more dry food than canned food to your Yorkshire Terrier as it is good for the dog’s dental health. These dogs are susceptible to frequent bouts of vomiting or diarrhea because their digestive system is quite weak and delicate.
Moreover, they are prone to injection reactions and sensitive to anesthesia. In addition, these dogs are small and fragile. Therefore, they are prone to accidental injuries due to carelessness.
Life Expectancy: A healthy Yorkshire Terrier can live up to 12 or 15 years.
Litter Size: the average Yorkshire Terrier litter size is 4 puppies.
Yorkshire Terrier dogs have glossy, long hair coats, with parting extending from the nose up to the tail. It is straight, not wavy. These dogs do not have undercoats and hence do not shed. Yet, the luxurious and silky coat requires a good amount of daily grooming. The long strands of hair on the top of the head are generally tied neatly with a bow to make the dog comfortable and enhance the appearance as well.
The hair coat can be trimmed from time to time for the purpose of ease in maintenance. The hair around the eyes and ears should be trimmed regularly so that they do not fall in the eyes and ears and cause irritation. The ears should be cleaned on a regular basis to avoid chances of ear infections.
Plus, their teeth should also be brushed regularly to avoid buildup of plaque which in turn causes a number of periodontal diseases. Professional teeth cleaning by a qualified veterinarian is often recommended for this purpose.
Yorkshire Terriers are loyal, loving, enthusiastic, inquisitive, clever, alert, intelligent, and active in temperament. These charming little dogs can exhibit troublesome independent behavior at times. But otherwise, they are smart and bright dogs that are quick in learning a new trick.
They are noisy and suspicious of strangers. Thus, they can serve as loyal watchdogs. Yorkshire Terrier breed dogs can get along well with other pets in the house, especially when trained and socialized right from puppyhood.
Though they are affectionate, still they do retain certain typical terrier qualities. Your lively Yorkie can become jealous or possessive in the absence of proper training and attention. These dogs have a good sense of hearing and making themselves heard too. The male ones are often more exuberant, reliable and less moody as compared to the female ones.
These courageous fellows are usually blissfully ignorant of their small size. Consequently, you will often find your courageous Yorkshire Terrier or Yorkie, aggressively trying to protect you from your friends (strangers to him, though) or other animals.
Besides, these dogs can be difficult to housebreak. Still, the Yorkshire Terrier dog breed is well suited for apartment situation even without yard. Extremely cold temperatures are not suitable for this breed of dogs. Hence, they should be kept in warmer environments.