Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog, better known as stumpy or heeler, is a bobtailed, medium sized dog mainly found in Australia.
It is believed that Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog is the first pure breed to be developed in Australia and was recognized by the Australian National Kennel Club in 1988.
This breed of Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog is a result of cross between Dingo (free roaming wild dog, found in the outback of the continent of Australia) with Smithfield (a bob-tailed black and white, dense coated dog).
The most distinctive feature of this Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog is its stump tail, amenable attitude and light built than the Australian cattle dog with a more rugged attitude and appearance than the more elegant Kelpie.
A highly alert dog with well proportioned and muscular body, possess stout with its ribs well-sprung and straight forelegs. This Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog has a broad but slightly narrowing towards the eye skull with pricked ears.
The medium sized eyes are generally oval in shape. Cheeks are even and muscular. Jaws are deep and powerful. The color of the nose is black regardless of the color of the dog.
The Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog is a croon to temperance leading to outstanding health and permanence. The coat is fairly short, with straight, dense and medium harsh texture.
• Red speckled with darker red markings on the head with some red patches on their body.
• Blue speckled with black markings on the head.
In some rare cases this Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog can sport apricot or chocolate color too but these are non-standard colors.
Dogs: 46-51 cm (18-20 inches)
Bitches: 43 – 48 cm (17 – 19 inches)
Weight: 35-50 pounds
The following video shows Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog playing Frisbee.
The Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog is a healthy dog having long life but some minor health problems like the following may occur in some dogs:
• Mid Line Defects which include
Spinal bifida (the spine is open or exposed at birth)
Anal Artesia (pups can be born without an anus)
Cleft palate (there is a hole in the roof of the mouth)
• Eye problems
• Hip dysplasia
Life Expectancy: On an average, Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog life span is 10 to 15 years.
Litter Size: –
With a weather-resistant, coarse and short-haired coat, it becomes very easy to groom these dogs. The double hair coat should be brushed and combed thoroughly with a firm bristle brush and the dog should be bathed only when necessary.
Shedding of their coats takes place once or twice a year (depending on sex status and region).
Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog is energetic, watchful, free-spirited, obedient and alert, brave and trustworthy, amenable, agile and intense.
It is well responsive to its owner and his commands but is suspicious of strangers. These dogs cannot sit idle for long and if made to do so they start facing serious behavior problems. Their temperament with children is generally good if raised with well behaved children.
They should be disciplined and socialized from the beginning itself to ensure your pack leader status. This highly intelligent dog loves working and is good in controlling cattle.
Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog finds it hard to live in an apartment as it requires lots of room to run. Moreover it needs activities, tasks to be given to it as without open spaces and jobs to do; it can get mischievous and destructive.
It needs a firm, confident, consistent pack leader, who can train it easily and show it the way. Another important point associated with Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog is that it is promoted as a rare breed pet in Australia.