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Russian Toy

Russian Toy

Russian Toy

Russian Toy is an intelligent and affectionate companion dog. This toy breed is believed to be one of the smallest breeds in the world. It was a highly valued decorative breed in Russia during early 20th century.

Certain other names for these charming little dogs are Russkiy Toy, Russian Toy Terrier, Russian Longhaired Toy Terrier, Moscow Toy Terrier, Moscovian Miniature Terrier and Moscow Longhair Toy Terrier. Russian Toy dog breedwas bred from English Toy Terrier and was relatively unknown outside Russia until 1990s.

Physical Appearance

Russian Toy dogs can either be smooth-coated or long haired. The long haired variety is characterized by long fur on ears. Both varieties can be crossed to produce puppies with any of these varieties in the same litter.

Crossing of two smooth-coated Russian Toy Terriers can produce both the varieties but the same principle does not hold true in case of longhaired dogs of this breed because litter produced by crossing two longhaired Russian Toy breed dogs does not produce the smooth-coated variety.

Coming to the appearance, these small yet elegant dogs have strong body and long legs. Head and nose are small in size but eyes and ears are impressively large. The expressive eyes are dark, rounded and prominent.

The high set ears are thin, upstanding and triangular in shape. Stop is clearly defined and the little muzzle is lean and pointed. Neck is lean long and slightly curved. Tail can be shortly docked but it should be left naturally in countries where docking is not allowed.

Color: These dogs generally come in colors like red, sable or black & tan. Some dogs can be brown & tan or blue & tan but this quite rare.
Height: The average height of these tiny dogs is 8 to 10 inches.
Weight: Russian Toys usually weigh about 3 to 6 pounds.

Russian Toy

Health Problems

These petite dogs may be susceptible to patellar luxation, knee cap dislocation and bone fractures. Some dogs may have allergies to flea medications or certain vaccines.

Life Expectancy: –
Litter Size: –

Here’s a video featuring a cute Russian Toy puppy

Grooming Requirements

Long haired Russian Toy breed dogs require more grooming than the smooth coated Russian Toys. Therefore, the ones belonging to the long haired variety need to be brushed almost daily whereas the ones with smooth coat can be brushed 2-3 times in a week or wiped with a damp wash cloth.

Both the varieties, however, need to be bathed at least once in a month. Other grooming responsibilities include trimming toenails, checking and cleaning ears, brushing teeth and other such tasks.


Russian Toy temperament is lively, loving, friendly, trustworthy and intelligent. These adorable dogs are neither timid nor aggressive. They are devoted to family and enjoy human companionship. Moreover, these smart and obedient dogs are easy to train. In fact, they can be trained for agility trials quite well.

Russian Toy Terrier

Your cheerful Russian Toy pup would be eager to join you in any activity whatsoever. When socialized properly, your beloved furry companion is likely to be sociable with strangers as well.

In addition, the dog gets along well with children and other pets in the house. This wonderful canine is considered as a true companion dog.

You just need to be the firm, confident leader of the pack to establish your dominance over the dog to avoid problem behaviors. Improve your communication with your dog by understanding his/her natural instincts.

Key Points

Regular play sessions and daily walks help to keep these active and agile dogs in good health. Interactive games help remove boredom as well. You might be tempted to carry your cute little doggy in your arms most of the times but do while doing so do not ignore his/her activity needs.

In fact, let the dog roam free in safe open area from time to time. Lack of physical activity and mental stimulation can give rise to destructive behaviors. Being small in size, Russian Toy dogs are suitable for apartment situation but they need not be confined to small spaces.