Pug dogs are small, happy go lucky dogs that proudly show off wrinkles on their face. In fact, dog owners prefer a large, deep wrinkle over the nose of the dog as it looks cute. They have a somewhat square body with well developed muscles. Families with children can safely go for Pug breed of dogs as they are sturdy enough to play properly with small children.
The stare of their large expressive eyes is often difficult to ignore and hence fetches good amount of attention to these attention seeking dogs. The origin of this dog breed, however, is a debatable issue. Pug dog breed is believed to have descended from shorthaired Pekingese dogs or from the cross breeding of small Bulldogs. The puppies of this breed of dogs are commonly referred to as Puglets.
Pug is a small dog with round face, square muzzle and large eyes. The most identifiable feature of this breed of dogs is its wrinkled yet charming face. Another characteristic feature is the tail. Just like a Pug curls on your lap, his tail curls on his back. Their ears are rose shaped or button shaped. The ones with button shaped ears are more preferred. Their teeth are usually small.
Color: Pug dogs usually come in black and fawn colors. Fawn Pugs are further differentiated as apricot fawn, stone fawn or silver fawn. The black ones are generally hard to find.
Height: On an average, a male Pug’s height ranges from 12 to 14 inches. In females, it ranges from 10 to 12 inches.
Weight: Weight ranging between 13 to 20 pounds is considered healthy weight for male Pug dogs. It should be around 13 to 18 in case of females.
This dog breed is quite susceptible to head and eye problems on account of the massiveness of their round heads and large eyes. Some such problems include Generalized Progressive Retinal Atrophy, Corneal Ulcers, Encephalitis, Elongated Soft Palatte, Pinched or Undersized Nostrils, Cataracts, Dry Eye. The large eyes are susceptible to puncture wounds and injuries due to negligence.
Other problems include Slipped Stifles, Hip Dysplasia,Colds, chronic sinus & breathing problems. The short muzzle may lead to wheezing and snoring problems. Plus, Pug dogs are sensitive to extreme temperatures, especially heat. The normal body temperature should be around 101 or 102 degrees Farheniet
The Pug dog breed known as Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE) has been associated with a higher risk of developing chronic form of Granulomatous Meningoencephalitis, that is, an inflammation of the brain in adolescent stage (2 or 3 years of age).
Pug dogs are not very interested in physical activity as long as they have company. Also, they have tendency to overeat and still beg for treats. As a result, it becomes the responsibility of the owner to look after the exercise needs of their dogs and feed them appropriate amount of food to avoid the problem of obesity.
Life Expectancy: Ideally, Pug dogs can live up to 12 to 15 years under healthy conditions.
Litter Size: The average litter size is 2-5 puppies.
They have a soft, smooth and glossy coat. They have a short coat that can be easily maintained without much trouble. For this reason, Pug dogs are considered as low maintenance dogs. The coat should be brushed at least twice or thrice in a week. In addition to this, be prepared to clean up the mess during seasonal shedding. Make sure you clean up the accumulated facial debris behind the wrinkles on a regular basis.
As for bathing, this grooming activity should be conducted only when necessary, that is, when they begin smelling like a doggy. Excessive bathing is generally not advised as it results in unnecessary loss of natural oils from the skin and the coat. The nails should be clipped on a weekly basis. Ears should also be cleaned weekly with a cotton ball dipped in mineral oil. Care should be taken as to not to clean the area farther down the ear canal.
Basically, a Pug dog is even tempered, outgoing, cheerful, playful and loving dog. These dogs have a friendly, sociable and human-like personality which makes them compatible with young children and other pets in the house. These high spirited dogs make for excellent watch dogs. Moreover, they crave human attention more than physical activity. Male Pugs have been found to be more laid back and people-oriented as compared to their female counterparts. Females, on the other hand, are more alert and independent.
Pugs are stubborn and carefree dogs that might not respond well to some of the obedience drills that you might want him to excel. Moreover, lack of leadership skills in the owner tends to encourage jealous and guarding behavior in such dogs. Pugs are neither timid nor aggressive. Thus, they require calm yet confident dog owners. They are quite sensitive to tones of harsh human voices.
Pug dogs have a tendency to drool. In such cases, the muzzle area should be cleaned regularly. Apartment dwellers can safely lay their hands on a Pug as such dogs are fairly suited to the apartment situation. Although, do not be surprised to find your Pug on friendly terms with strangers and burglars. Pug dogs are better off when kept indoors as they are sensitive to extreme temperatures.