Presa Canario, or to be specific, Perro de Presa Canario dogs are large working dogs that originated in Canary Islands in Spain. The breed is believed to have been developed by the cross breeding of native Bardino Majero and imported English Mastiff breed dogs.
Earlier, these dogs were primarily used for dog fighting. They were also used for guarding and herding livestock. Certain other names for Presa Canario dog breed are Canary Dog, Canary Mastiff, Dogo Canario or simply Presa. These dogs are generally difficult to handle and hence not considered suitable for first time dog owners.
Presa Canario breed dogs are strong, muscular and powerful in build. The chest is broad and deep. The breed is characterized by a distinct square shaped head. The ears are moderate in size and triangular in shape.
They have rounded tips and tend to hang along the sides of the cheeks. Ears can also be cropped but cropping of ears is considered illegal in certain countries. The eyes are usually oval in shape. The long tail is thick at the base and tapers to a point.
Color: Presa Canario breed dogs come in red fawn, silver fawn, red brindle, fawn brindle, brown brindle, reverse brindle and other shades of fawn and brindle.
Height: The average height of Presa Canario dog breed is around 21 to 25 inches.
Weight: The average weight of male ands female Presa Canarios ranges between 80 to 130 pounds.
Presa Canario breed dogs are fairly healthy dogs with fewer health problems. Still, some dogs can be prone to Epilepsy, Hip dysplasia, Elbow dysplasia, Luxating Patella, Wobbler Syndrome, Demodectic Mange, Entropion and other related health issues.
Life Expectancy: The average life span of these dogs is generally 10 to 12 years.
Litter Size: The average litter size of Presa Canario dog breed is about 7 to 9 puppies.
The short and flat hair coat of a Presa Canario dog is easy to groom. The thick skin is covered by single hair coat which is coarse in texture and needs to be brushed on a weekly basis with the help of a firm bristle brush.
Bath or dry shampoo your beloved Presa Canario dog only when necessary to maintain it in a good condition. Plus, regularly carry out other necessary grooming activities like eye cleaning, ear cleaning, nail clipping etc. Presa Canarios tend to shed the hair coat moderately.
Presa Canario temperament is quite dominating and stubborn. Therefore, these dogs require appropriate obedience training and early socialization. Training a Presa Canario dog can be quite a challenging dog but the task can be performed effectively by consistently using firm methods and positive reinforcements.
Once properly trained and socialized, they serve as affectionate and friendly companions. They also tend to get along well with children and live peacefully with other pets in the house when introduced properly.
However, they can be suspicious of strangers and aggressive against unfamiliar dogs. The hardy, courageous and protective Presa Canario dogs make for excellent guard dogs.
Being relatively inactive indoors, Presa Canario dogs need to be given adequate space in at least a moderate sized yard to fulfill their activity needs. Daily long walks are also equally important in keeping the dog mentally as well as physically fit.
These dogs do well in apartment situation, provided they are sufficiently exercised. They also prefer warmer climates. The loyal and loving Presa Canario dogs do best under the leadership of dominant and experienced dog owners, preferably the ones who like to engage in outdoor activities.