Pomeranian breed belongs to the toy group of dogs. These alert little dogs mostly wear an inquisitive expression on their face. The hearty and cheerful dog can prove to be an extremely brilliant and trustworthy family dog. Pomeranian dogs have thick, long and glossy hair coats that require cooler environments.
The breed’s name has been derived from the region of its origin, that is, Pomerania which was in Central Europe, but now it a part of modern eastern Germany and northern Poland. In earlier times, their images were carved on stone and bronze sculptures and on pitchers in the Egyptian tombs. Pomeranian dogs are supposed to have descended from the larger Spitz type dogs.
These small and fluffy dogs tend to have fox-like facial features. The bright almond-shaped eyes always seem to have a curious expression. The head is somewhat wedge shaped with a slightly rounded skull. Although, domed skull is not considered favorable.
The small and erect ears are mounted high. The nose is usually dark or bears the color of the coat. The thick, fluffy tail lies flat and straight on the back. The coat consists of an undercoat as well as outer coat. The undercoat is soft and dense whereas the outer coat is straight long and coarse-textured. There is a sufficient ruff around the neck and chest.
Color: They are available in a variety of colors and patterns like white, black, blue, chocolate, cream, orange, red, beaver, brindle, chocolate sable, cream sable etc Parti-colored Pomeranian dogs are also quite common. The ones with white blaze on the head are preferred more.
Height: Both male as well as female Pomeranians grow up to 7 to 12 inches in height.
Weight: Similarly, the average weight for both the genders of this breed ranges between 3 to 7 pounds.
Pomeranian dogs, especially the older ones are prone to suffer from hypoglycemia or low blood sugar. These dogs have are likely to suffer from Severe Hair Loss Syndrome resulting in hair loss and dark pigmentation. Eye diseases, especially tear duct disorders are quite dangerous and can even lead to blindness in young Pomeranian puppies. Moreover, disease called Idiopathic Epilepsy (caused by unknown factors) can be quite disturbing for the dog as well as the owner.
Other diseases include Progressive Retinal Atrophy, Epilepsy, Hypothyroidism, Legg-Calvé-Perthes syndrome etc. Besides, heart diseases, skin diseases, gum diseases, and joint diseases are also quite common. They should not be fed spicy food as it is not good for their health. They are full of energy and hence require short walks, three times in a day to provide a vent for their energy.
Life Expectancy: The average lifespan for a healthy Pomeranian is around 15 years.
Litter Size: The average litter size is generally 3 or for puppies.
Pomeranian breed dogs are characterized by luxurious and fluffy coats. The glossy coat can be maintained easily by brushing it with the help of a roller brush. The brushing or combing should be done every two-three days. Needless to say, the long hair coat is susceptible to tangles. However, excessive brushing is not desirable as it is harmful for the dog’s undercoat. They tend to shed the undercoat twice a year. Though, the breed is also associated with constant shedding.
Bathing should be done only when necessary and not very frequently. You can bathe your Pomeranian once in every two months. Plus, eye care is another important aspect of Pomeranian grooming. Regular dental care on a weekly basis is also necessary because Pomeranians are susceptible to oral problems like tooth loss. In other words, a Pomeranian dog generally requires moderate amount of grooming.
These intelligent and alert dogs are always keen to learn new tricks. They get along well with other pets, especially other dogs of the same breed. However, Pomeranian dogs are way too bold and courageous for their tiny size. In fact, their naturally bold and willful nature can intimidate larger dogs too. This breed of dogs is highly energetic and lively.
They have no time to laze around even when they are bored. These qualities along with the quality of excessive barking are constructively used when they serve as watchdogs. Socialization is essential; else they can become aggressive towards strangers or small kids. Firm and consistent training is more of a necessity than a mere ritual.
They tend to become snappy and aggressive when teased. These extrovert dogs can become moody or temperamental at times. Electrical cords, harmful chemicals and other prized possessions should be kept out of the reach of these exploratory creatures.
Plus, these attention seeking dogs might end up making you silence seeking humans as they can bark incessantly if not trained properly. Otherwise, these friendly and affectionate dogs will always be devoted to you and make you feel special at all times. First time dog owners and apartment dwellers can easily take care of these smart yet delightful dogs.