Newfoundland is a large dog breed renowned for an extremely sweet and gentle disposition. These giant dogs are equally strong and hence used as working dogs for various purposes, especially water rescue work. They love being around children. In fact, they are usually protective and caring around small children.
These descendents of Tibetan Mastiff are believed to have originated in Canada. They were originally used as hunting and guarding dogs but they gradually increased their span of activity to include water rescue work as well. These dogs are widely known for rescuing many people form drowning. Newfoundland dogs are often referred to as Newfs or Newfies.
These massive dogs are characterized by well balanced and muscular bodies. They have small triangular shaped ears with rounded tips. These excellent swimmers are naturally endowed with webbed feet that help them swim perfectly. Their small eyes are usually set wide apart and bear a warm and sweet expression. They are generally dark brown in color.
Color: The hair coat of a Newfoundland is generally black, brown or grey in color. It can also be white with black colored markings.
Height: These dogs are generally 27 to 29 inches in height. The bitches are usually two inches shorter, that is, 25 to 27 inches in height.
Weight: These massive dogs can weigh about 130 to 160 pounds. Female Newfoundlands are generally 100 to 120 pounds in weight.
Newfoundland dog breed is prone to health issues like bloating, thyroid disorders, hip dysplasia, arthritis, cystinuria and other related health problems.
Besides, congenital heart diseases (Sub Aortic Stenosis, in particular), eye diseases, blood disorders are also common in these short lived dogs. Newfoundland dogs have a tendency to become overweight as they tend to overeat and remain inactive indoors.
Life Expectancy: Newfoundland dogs tend to have a short lifespan of about 9 to 15 years.
Litter Size: The average Newfoundland litter size is 4 to 12 puppies.
The thick and long water resistant hair coat of a Newfoundland calls for regular care and attention, preferably on a daily basis. A typical Newfoundland double coat consists of a soft and dense undercoat followed by a coarse and medium sized outer coat. It can be either straight or wavy.
During the shedding seasons, particularly in the spring season, brush the hair coat carefully as it tends to shed a lot. It is preferable to dry shampoo your Newfoundland from time to time instead of bathing him frequently.
Other grooming activities include trimming the hair around the ears and paws, clipping the nails on a monthly basis, cleaning the ears at least once per month and other such activities.
Newfoundland breed dogs are strong, courageous, trustworthy, gentle, responsive, friendly, tolerant, intelligent and affectionate in temperament. They are obedient and easy to train. These sociable Newfoundland dogs tend to get along well with other pets too.
These delightful and highly devoted dogs serve as excellent companion dogs as they thrive on human companionship. When carrying out their watchdog duties.
Protective Newfoundland dogs exhibit great intelligence by warning the strangers first in order to hold them back instead of biting instinctively. Hence, they make for good watchdogs. These calm and cheerful dogs should not be dealt in a harsh manner as they tend to be quite sensitive.
Newfoundland dogs have a tendency to drool, especially in hot climates. Therefore, they are generally more comfortable in cooler climates. In apartment situation, these calm and quiet dogs tend to become lazy and inactive. Hence, you should definitely make sure to get them sufficient amount of physical exercise.
In this regard, simple daily brisk walks and play sessions in a small yard should be sufficient enough to meet their activity needs. Swimming is another good way of exercise that the lazy Newfoundlands accept enthusiastically.