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Mountain Cur

Mountain Cur

Mountain Cur

Mountain Cur is the first true American purebred that originally developed in the mountains of Kentucky, Virginia and Tennessee. These medium-sized dogs are believed to have descended from European Cur-type dogs that were brought by European immigrants.

These “pioneer dogs of the Southern mountains” were initially bred for treeing and trailing game such as raccoons, squirrels and hunting animals like wild boars and bears. Apart from hunting, these working and all-purpose farm dogs were also used for guarding, protection and herding, at times. Some other Cur-type dog breeds are Blackmouth Cur, Catahoula Cur, Stephens Cur, Treeing Cur etc.

Physical Appearance

These agile dogs are characterized by a muscular and square build. The body is slightly longer than it is tall. Neck is usually strong and muscular. The large and expressive eyes are generally dark in color. The small to moderate-sized ears are set high on the head.

The moderately long legs are straight and muscular. The muscular feet tend to have cat-like pads. It has been observed that almost half of these dogs are born with bobtail.

Color: Common Mountain Cur colors include black, brindle, yellow and, brindle and black.
Height: The average height of Mountain Cur dog breed is 18 to 26 inches.
Weight: The ideal weight for both male as well as female Mountain Curs ranges between 30 to 60 pounds.

Health Problems

Apart from common dog diseases, these healthy dogs are not considered susceptible to any known genetic health issues.

Life Expectancy: The average lifespan of a Mountain Cur dog is considered to be 12 to 16 years.
Litter Size: –

Grooming Requirements

The short yet heavy hair coat of a Mountain Cur breed dog is easy to groom. The double hair coat consisting of soft under coat and rough or smooth outer coat needs to be brushed and combed occasionally so as to remove loose hair.

Other Mountain Cur grooming activities include regularly trimming toenails, checking and cleaning the eyes and ears, bathing only when necessary and so on. When choosing the grooming products for your beloved dog, opt for a mild shampoo for bathing to avoid the chances of developing skin irritation on his/her sensitive skin.


Mountain Cur temperament is tough, fearless, determined, decisive, protective, loyal, friendly, outdoorsy and intelligent. These courageous working dogs do best when they have a job to do. Therefore, it is better to keep them as protection dogs rather than simple family pets. They are usually suspicious of strangers.

These smart dogs are not submissive but are still always eager to please their owners to the best of their abilities. They are likely to become overprotective of their owners and their property.

Thus, Mountain Cur puppies need to be trained and socialized properly with patience, firmness and consistency rather than harsh methods. Hence, these dogs are mostly recommended for dominant owners. They are usually good with children, especially older children and get along well with other pets in the house.

Key Points

These active and energetic working dogs are best suited for rural settings with enough room to roam and run rather than sedentary apartment situation. Depending on the the Mountain Cur strains, they can be trained as treeing or baying dogs.

These dogs need plenty of physical exercise as well as mental stimulation in order to stay physically fit and avoid boredom. They love outdoor activities and enjoy running and playing in open and secure large areas. When not provided with sufficient opportunity for work, they should definitely be taken for long daily walks. As for climate, the rugged Mountain Cur dogs have the ability to withstand even harsh weather conditions.