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Miniature Schnauzer

Miniature Schnauzer

Miniature Schnauzer

Miniature Schnauzer, also known as Mini Schnauzer or Zwergschnauzer is a small breed of dog with an excellent temperament. These obedient dogs are intelligent and friendly. They are neither too aggressive nor too timid.

This non sporting dog breed is believed to have originated in Germany. The breed was developed by the cross breeding of Standard Schnauzer with Affenpinschers and Poodle dogs. In earlier times these terriers were often used as farm dogs and vermin hunters.

Physical Appearance

Miniature Schnauzer breed dogs are characterized by a square and sturdy build accompanied by a rectangular head. These dogs tend to have deep set eyes that are small in size and dark brown in color. They are oval in shape and tend to bear an alert and intelligent expression.

The distinctive beard on the face makes these dogs more adorable. The chest, underbelly and legs also tend to have longer hair. The ears can be cropped or left naturally small and V-shaped. The tail can also be docked but in certain countries, activities like ear cropping and tail docking are considered illegal.

Color: Solid black, black and silver, and salt and pepper are the most common colors in which these dogs are available. They are also available in white color but the AKC does not recognize white colored Miniature Schnauzers.
Height: The average height of male as well as female Miniature Schnauzers is 12 to 14 inches.
Weight: The ideal weight of these dogs is usually ranges between 10 to 15 pounds.

Health Problems

These dogs are susceptible to a number of health problems such as Diabetes, Epilepsy, Von Willebrand’s disease, Cysts, Kidney Stones, Liver Diseases and other related health issues. Miniature Schnauzer breed dogs are also prone to allergies, hereditary eye diseases and skin problems.

Life Expectancy: The adorable Miniature Schnauzers usually liver to about 12-15 years.
Litter Size: The average litter size of Miniature Schnauzer dog breed is 3 to 5 puppies.

Grooming Requirements

The typical double coat of a Miniature Schnauzer consisting of hard and wiry outer coat and dense and close fitted under coat requires daily grooming. Ideally, it should be brushed and combed oh a daily basis. The wiry hair coat can be trimmed two times per year. The hair around the eyes and ears should also be trimmed from time to time.

This hypo allergic breed does not shed much. Miniature Schnauzer dogs being used for show purposes usually require hand stripping. Besides, clean the dog’s whiskers and beard after meals. Nail clipping, eye cleaning, ear cleaning etc are also considered an integral part of the overall Miniature Schnauzer grooming.


Miniature Schnauzer breed dogs are high spirited, smart, courageous, friendly, playful, loyal, well mannered and affectionate in temperament. They serve as excellent companions for adults as well as small children.

However, due to their high prey drive, they are usually not considered good around small animals that tend to arouse their natural predatory instincts. Proper training and early socialization help to keep these dogs disciplined.

They are intelligent and hence easy to train. These alert dogs make for good watchdogs. They are generally good with strangers but can be standoffish when not socialized well. Some may be inclined to excessive barking, especially when left alone for long durations.

Key Points

These active and energetic Miniature Schnauzer dogs are usually calm indoors. Hence, these small dogs are well suited for apartment situation. They should be taken for regular long walks on a daily basis to fulfill their physical activity needs.

In addition, regular play sessions also help in building a good relationship with the dog and providing him with sufficient physical and mental stimulation as well. Miniature Schnauzer dogs are often characterized by a tendency of gaining weight quite easily. Therefore, they should not be fed excessively.