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Miniature Pinscher

Miniature Pinscher

Miniature Pinscher


Miniature Pinscher or Zwergpinscher is also known as the “King of the Toy Dogs”. Loyalty and liveliness are the two most important traits in these energetic dogs. The breed is considered to be older than Doberman Pinscher.

This toy breed was originally used as a working dog on farms for hunting vermin. Miniature Pinscher dogs are also referred to as Min Pins or Mini Pinschers. Miniature Pinscher dog breed was originally developed in Germany by cross breeding of smooth coated Dachshund, Italian Greyhound and short haired German Pinscher.

Physical Appearance

Miniature Pinscher breed dogs are small yet fairly sturdy dogs. The head is narrow but proportional to the body. Similarly, the muzzle is also proportional to the head.

They tend to have dark colored and slightly oval eyes. The erect ears are set high on the head. They may either be cropped or left natural. The nose is generally black in color, except in case of chocolate colored dogs. The tail is held high and generally docked.

Color: Common Miniature Pinscher coat colors are solid red, stag red, black with rust markings and chocolate with rust markings.
Height: The average height of Miniature Pinscher dogs is about 10 to 12 inches. The bitches are usually 10 to 11 inches in height.
Weight: The ideal healthy weight of both male as well as female Miniature Pinschers ranges between 8 to 10 pounds.

Health Problems

Miniature Pinscher dog breed is a relatively healthy breed with less number of health problems in general. Still, some Miniature Pinschers may be prone health issues like Patellar Luxation, Legg Calve Perthes Disease, Progressive Retinal Atrophy, skin problems and other common dog diseases.

Life Expectations: The average life span of Miniature Pinscher dogs is 12 to 14 years.
Litter Size: The average Miniature Pinscher litter size is 2 to 4 puppies.

Grooming Requirements

The short, smooth, straight and hard hair coat of a Miniature Pinscher is easy to care for. Simply brush and comb the hair coat occasionally to remove the dead skin and loose hair.

There is no need to bathe these dogs frequently. Just wipe the hair coat with a damp cloth to keep it sleek and lustrous. They are average to low shedders. Plus, trim the toenails and clean the eyes and ears of your beloved dog on a regular basis.


Miniature Pinscher dog breed is characterized by an alert, intelligent, bold, affectionate, trustworthy and highly energetic temperament. When trained and socialized properly right from puppyhood, they tend to get along well with other pets in the house. Otherwise they can become aggressive and bossy. They are easy to train as they tend to learn quickly.

They are usually playful around older children but still should not be left unsupervised as they can become snappy in response to constant teasing. However, they are generally reserved and suspicious of strangers.

Like other small sized dogs, even Miniature Pinscher breed dogs are difficult to housetrain. They are considered as excellent watchdogs, owing to their courageous and alert temperament.

Key Points

The agile and high spirited Miniature Pinscher dogs usually require a good deal of exercise and hence are suggested for experienced dog owners.

These fun loving dogs do well in apartment situation even without yards as they are quite active indoors. Regular play sessions and daily walks take care of their physical exercise needs and provide them with adequate mental stimulation.