Landseer is hard working and affectionate large sized dog. The breed was developed in Germany and Switzerland to assist fishermen for towing nets to the shore. These dogs were depicted in paintings by Sir Edwin Landseer around 1838 and were hence named Landseer dogs.
Appearance-wise, they are quite similar to Newfoundland dogs. In fact, they are believed to be black and white coated variants of black Newfoundlands in US and Britain. On the other, some European countries regard this as a separate breed.
The population of these dogs decreased considerably after the Second World War but the breeders again revived the breed during 1930s by crossing Newfoundland and Pyrenean Mountain dog breeds.
The giant dogs are strong and well balanced. They are taller yet lighter than Newfoundland dogs. The legs are longer and the body is rectangular. The wide muscle is white in color and rather short.
The pendent ears are small and triangular in shape. The eyes are small in size and dark brown in color. They have moderately long hair coat that tends to be longer on the chest, tail and buttocks. These excellent swimmers have webbed feet.
Color: Landseer dog breed is characterized by a clear white hair coat with distinct black patches on the body and croup.
Height: The average height of these dogs is 28.5 to 31.5 inches. Female Landseers are generally 26.5 to 28.5 inches in height.
Weight: The ideal weight of these dogs ranges between 130 to 150 pounds. Bitches are mostly 100 to 120 pounds in weight.
Like other large sized dogs, Landseer breed dogs are also vulnerable to Hip Dysplasia. They are also susceptible to Sub-Aortic Stenosis which is a hereditary heart condition. Besides, as these dogs can become overweight if not exercised sufficiently.
Life Expectancy: On an average, these can live to up to 10 years.
Litter Size: 6 to 10 puppies
Landseer hair coat consists of long, flat, slightly wavy, water repellent outer coat and a dense and soft undercoat. The long and thick double coat requires daily to weekly brushing, preferably with the help of a hard brush. Further care is needed during the spring and fall seasons when the hair coat sheds heavily.
Other Landseer grooming activities include nail trimming, checking and cleaning the eyes and ears, bathing when necessary and so on and so forth. As these dogs are prone to drooling, area around the mouth needs to be cleaned from time to time.
Landseer temperament is gentle, loving, sweet, loyal, patient, protective, intelligent and courageous. These sociable dogs love to spend time with people and make delightful companion dogs. They tend to be gentle and tolerant of kids.
In fact, they are likely to assume the role of caring babysitters when around small children. In addition, these dogs get along well with other household pets. However, they may take some time to adjust to new surroundings.
These sensitive dogs require gentle but consistent training with positive motivation. As these huge dogs move rather slowly, training may require more patience. Landseer dogs are usually friendly with strangers and do not bark unnecessarily.
They are capable of recognizing dangerous situations and acting intelligently at such times. They should not be kept as outdoor pets. These devotes dogs can suffer from separation anxiety if left alone for a long time.
Although these massive dogs are complete couch potatoes indoors, they tend to become active and playful when outdoors. They thoroughly enjoy swimming and have even been known for saving people from drowning. Daily brisk walks are also important to keep the dog healthy and happy.
As these dogs are relatively inactive indoors, they do well in apartment situation with access to small sized yard. Landseer dogs are sensitive to hot weather conditions and are therefore considered more suitable for cooler climates.