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Japanese Chin

Japanese Chin

Japanese Chin

Japanese Chin is a lovely and lively, sweet little dog. These high spirited dogs serve as excellent companion dogs. Both experienced as well as inexperienced dog owners can safely lay their hands on these cuddly and easy going dogs. They are quite similar to Pug and Pekinese dogs.

As the name suggests, the Japanese Chin or Japanese Spaniel dog breed is supposed to have originated in Japan. However, some people believe that these cat-like oriental-looking dogs were originally gifted to Japanese emperors by Chinese nobles. The Japanese admired these lapdogs a lot. In earlier times some such dogs that were smaller in size were also kept in bird cages as ornamental objects.

Physical Appearance

The charming and cheerful Japanese Chin dog breed is characterized by an appealing flat face bearing a lively and inquisitive expression. In fact, you just can not afford to ignore the typical hypnotic stare of their protruding large, wide set eyes.

The nose is usually black in color. But, it tends to vary with the color of the markings present on the hair coat. Their small V-shaped ears are set wide apart and tend to be covered with hair. There is extensive feathering along the tail, legs and the rest of the body.

Color: White and black are the most common colors in these dogs. However, the coat can also be orange, red, sable or lemon colored.
Height: Both male as well as female Japanese Chins are generally 7 to 11 inches in height.
Weight: Weight ranging from 4 to 8 pounds is usually considered healthy for these dogs.

Health Problems

Japanese Chin dog breed is characterized by short muzzle, thereby making the breed susceptible to respiratory problems. They are also prone to wheezing and snoring because of the same reason.

Other health issues in Japanese Chins include eye diseases, heat prostration, distemper, heart murmur, entropion, patellar luxation and other related health problems.

Life Expectancy: On an average, a healthy Japanese Chin can live up to 12 to 14 years.
Litter Size: The average litter size of Japanese Chins is 1 to 3 puppies.

Grooming Requirements

The long and silky hair coat of a Japanese Chin should be brushed and combed daily or at least two times a week. The thick hair coat consists of straight hair that should be brushed lightly. These single coated dogs shed moderately.

Japanese Chin breed dogs are relatively clean and hence need to be bathed only when necessary. Their large, protruding eyes also require proper care and attention. Plus, regular ear cleaning is also is essential aspect of grooming a Japanese Chin so as to avoid the chances of developing ear infections. The facial wrinkles should also be cleaned from time to time.


Japanese Chin dogs are bold, loyal, affectionate, intelligent, jovial, adaptable, playful and even tempered. These perky dogs generally love to play with kids. However, they are usually not very tolerant of the rough play and accidental mistreatment of smaller children.

Japanese Chin breed dogs are often refereed to as cat-like dogs as they tend to have a good sense of balance and climb perfectly like cats. Also, they have definite likes and dislikes.

Most importantly, these devoted dogs thrive on human companionship and love to attract everybody’s attention. They are usually obedient and hence easy to train. Though, some dogs may exhibit streaks of stubbornness. These alert and courageous dogs also make for good watchdogs.

Key Points

The delightful and vivacious Japanese Chins are well suited for apartment situation. Being moderately active indoors, they tend to fulfill their activity needs even without a yard. However, the ritual of short daily walks should still not be neglected. In addition, these delicate dogs should not be left outside for longer durations as they are sensitive to temperature extremes.