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English Springer Spaniel

English Springer Spaniel

English Springer Spaniel

English Springer Spaniel dogs are medium sized and even tempered dogs. There are two types of English Springer Spaniel dogs, the ones used for field lines and the ones used for show lines.

As the name suggests, field lines are used for field trial work and hunting whereas the heavier show types or bench types are used for conformation shows.

Because of the nature of work, the field types are characterized by more energy and require more amount of physical exercise. Originating in England, this breed of dogs is closely related to English Cocker Spaniel and Welsh Springer Spaniel dog breeds. These dogs were originally used for flushing and retrieving game.

Physical Appearance

The highly energetic English Springer Spaniel dog breed is athletic and compact in build. The medium sized broad skull is flat on the top. Depending on the color of the hair coat, the color of the nose also varies from liver to black. The eyes are oval in shape and medium in size.

They tend to be dark brown in color in case of black and white dogs or can be dark hazel in liver and white dogs. The pendant ears are long in size and tend to hang close to the cheeks. There is feathering over the legs, cheeks, ears and brisket.

Color: Common English Springer Spaniel colors are black and white, liver and white, blue or liver roan or tricolor with black and white or liver and white with tan markings.
Height: These dogs are generally 19 to 21 inches in height. Female English Springer Spaniels are usually a bit shorter, that is, 18 to 20 inches.
Weight: The average ideal weight of these dogs ranges between 45 to 55 pounds. English Springer Spaniel bitches are generally 40 to 50 pounds in weight.

Health Problems

English Springer Spaniel breed dogs are susceptible to Epilepsy, Hip Dysplasia, Elbow Dysplasia, Bloating, Hypothyroidism, Otitis Externa, Bleeding disorders, Allergies and other related health problems.

These dogs are also prone to a number of eye related issues such as Retinal Dysplasia, Progressive Retinal Atrophy, Phosphofructokinase deficiency, Ectropion and Glaucoma.

Life Expectancy: The average lifespan of English Springer Spaniel breed dogs is generally 12 to 14 years.
Litter Size: English Springer Spaniel average litter size is 5 puppies.

Grooming Requirements

English Springer Spaniel grooming primarily consists of regular brushing and combing of the straight and shiny weather resistant hair coat. The dogs being used for show purposes tend to have longer hair coats that require more care.

It tends to mat badly during outside activities. Therefore, it should be carefully combed after such activities. The hair coat usually shed moderately. These dogs need to be bathed only when necessary so as to retain the natural oils present on the skin.

Trim the hair in the feet and around the ears to prevent infections. Regularly check and clean the eyes as well. Moreover, do not ignore other grooming activities like nail trimming, teeth brushing etc.


English Springer Spaniel breed dogs are gentle, cheerful, friendly, affectionate, intelligent and brave in temperament. These obedient and receptive dogs respond well to obedience training. Early socialization is also necessary to discourage dog behavioral problems, especially aggressiveness.

It is a common misconception that English Springer Spaniel dog breed is too aggressive. But, it not true. However, they are susceptible to aggressive and destructive behavior when not given adequate amount physical and mental stimulation or when left alone for longer durations. Aggressiveness could also be the result of Rage syndrome which is a form of Epilepsy.

They are quite playful with children. Plus, they are sociable with other pets as well. However, they can not be trusted around birds due to their natural hunting instincts. The alert and protective English Springer Spaniel breed dogs make for excellent watchdogs as well.

Key Points

These dogs require moderate amount of physical exercise to be physically fit. These quick learners are more suitable for experienced dog owners rather than the apprehensive and gullible first time dog owners. They enjoy daily long brisk walks and play sessions.

In fact, English Springer Spaniels like to get messy by playing incessantly in mud and water, perhaps under the impression that the combination is highly beneficial for their skin and hair coat.

Besides, they love ball chasing games too. These lively dogs do well in apartment situation when there is proper provision to satisfy their physical exercise needs sufficiently.

They are relatively inactive indoors and hence require enough space for physical activity in at least an average sized yard. The delightful English Springer Spaniel dogs are prone to obesity and hence should not be overfed.