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Dogue de Bordeaux

Dogue de Bordeaux

Dogue de Bordeaux

Dogue de Bordeaux dogs are powerful and stocky in appearance but at the same time they are also characterized by an even temperament. Certain other names for Dogue de Bordeaux dogs are Bordeaux Bulldog, Bordeaux Mastiff and French Mastiff.

The breed is regarded as one of the oldest French dog breeds. These dogs were primarily used for hunting, bull baiting and herding and protecting cattle.

They are believed to be closely related to the Bulldog and Bullmastiff dog breeds. Dogue de Bordeaux dog breed is quite popular in France but is gaining popularity in other parts of the world as well.

Physical Appearance

These large and powerful dogs are heavy boned and muscular in build. The heavy and massive head is wrinkled. The muzzle is somewhat short and the bite is distinctively undershot.

The eyes are oval in shape and set wide apart. A dog with black mask tends to have hazel to dark brown colored eyes. The eye color is generally lighter in case of dogs without a mask or with a brown colored mask.

The color of the large nose depends on the color of the mask. There is a noticeable dewlap around the neck. The tail that reaches the hock but nit below that is quite thick at the base and carried low.

Color: Common Dogue de Bordeaux colors are various shades of fawn, from dark red fawn to light fawn. The chest and the tips of the toes may also bear white markings.
Height: The average height of male as well as female Dogue de Bordeauxs ranges between 23 to 30 inches.
Weight: Weight ranging between 120 to 145 pounds is regarded as the ideal weight of Dogue de Bordeaux dog breed.

Health Problems

Though usually considered healthy, still Dogue de Bordeaux dogs are prone to Epilepsy, Hip Dysplasia, Elbow Dysplasia, Hyperkeratosis, heart problems, breathing problems, bloating and other common dog diseases.

Whelping difficulties may also be encountered because of the large heads of the puppies. Therefore, Caesarian sections may be required in such cases.

Life Expectancy: Dogue de Bordeaux life expectancy is generally about 10 to 12 years on an average.
Litter Size: The average litter size of this breed of dogs is usually 6 to 8 puppies.

Grooming Requirements

The fine and short hair coat of Dogue de Bordeaux requires minimal grooming. It can be brushed and combed occasionally with a firm bristle brush to remove loose hair and maintain the hair coat in its natural soft condition.

In addition, there is no need to bathe you beloved Dogue de Bordeaux unnecessarily. Just a simple non messy wipe down with a dry towel or damp wash cloth should be sufficient to keep the average shedding hair coat clean. Besides, clean the dog’s eyes, ears and wrinkles on a regular basis.

The wrinkles need to washed and then dried as well in order to avoid the chances of developing sin infections. Dogue de Bordeaux grooming also consists of regular trimming of the toenails, teeth brushing and other such common yet essential grooming activities.


Dogue de Bordeaux personality can be described as bold, fearless, trustworthy, calm, patient and highly affectionate. They are gentle yet playful around small children. When socialized right from puppyhood they tend to get along well with other pets in the house too.

The highly intelligent Dogue de Bordeaux breed dogs are easily trainable. Early training and socialization help to keep the dog disciplined and avoid aggressive dog behavior.

The courageous and alert Dogue de Bordeaux dogs have excellent watchdog and guard dog abilities. It is to be noted that fearless and courageous temperament does not give rise to aggressive temperament in these dogs.

Key Points

Dogue de Bordeaux breed dogs are usually not recommended for inexperienced first time dog owners. They do well in apartment situation with relatively active owners. These dogs need plenty of exercise on a regular basis. Therefore, they should be taken for long daily walks.

They can also be provided with sufficient space for play in a properly fenced yard to fulfill their activity needs and provide enough mental and physical stimulation.

However, being relatively inactive indoors, they also tend to do well even without yard. Dogue de Bordeaux breed dogs are prone to snoring and drooling because of their short muzzles.