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You can easily differentiate Dalmatian dog breed from the rest of the breeds due the presence of typical black or brown spots and patches on their white hair coats. These active and attention seeking dogs love to entertain people around them. These hardy dogs have great stamina too.

The exact information about the origin of Dalmatian breed dogs is still not known. Though, some believe that the breed could have originated in Dalmatia (present day Croatia)

However, the appearance of Dalmatian dogs on ancient Egyptian cave painting link this breed with Egypt. These dogs have been used for various purposes like for carriage, retrieving, hunting, guarding etc. They were also used in wars and as fire mascots.

Physical Appearance

Dalmatian is a medium to large sized dog with a sturdy bone structure. These dogs have round eyes that are usually medium in size. The color of the eyes can be blue, brown or a combination of both these colors.

The nose is usually brown, black, blue or dark grey in color. They have thin, high set, drooping ears with rounded tips.

Color: Dalmatian puppies are born with white hair coats on which black or liver colored spots develop later over a period of time. The spots can also be dark blue, lemon, orange, sable, brindled or tricolored. Show rings usually consider Dalmatians with well distributed black or brown colored spots on the white hair coat.

Height: These dogs are generally 22 to 24 inches in height. The bitches can also grow up to 20 to 22 inches in height on an average.

Weight: The ideal weight for both male as well as female Dalmatians is around 55 pounds.

Health Problems

Unilateral Deafness is perhaps one of the most common health issues in Dalmatian breed dogs. They are also likely to develop urinary stones, thyroid disorders, seizures, skin allergies, eye diseases like Iris Sphincter Dysplasia and other such health problems.

To avoid bladder stones, make sure you choose the best dog food with less amount of purine. High amounts of purine and proteins increase the risk of developing bladder stones.

Besides, these dogs also have a tendency to gain weight. They are sensitive to extremely hot or cold environments. Though, unlike other dogs, they are not susceptible to

Life Expectancy: These lively dogs usually live up to 12-15 years.
Litter Size: Dalmatian dog breed is often associated with considerably large litter size, even up to 15 puppies.

Grooming Requirements

Dalmatian dogs have symmetrical short and dense hair coats. These heavy shedders tend to shed throughout the year, especially during the shedding seasons. Therefore, they require daily brushing and combing in order to remove the dead skin and loose hair from time to time.

Although, they do not require frequent bathing as they are relatively clean and free of doggy odor. While bathing your lovely Dalmatian, try to use a mild shampoo as these dogs are prone to skin problems.


These dogs are cheerful, affectionate, loyal, playful, friendly, fun-loving, easy going, intelligent and highly active in temperament. These smart and obedient dogs are quite easy to train. These sensitive dogs should never be subjected to harsh training methods.

Early socialization is also important so as to avoid overly shy behavior. The exuberant Dalmatian puppies can be a quite rowdy. They usually get along well with other pets too. Dalmatian dogs make for excellent watchdogs.

Key Points

Before going for a Dalmatian, make sure you can afford to spend plenty of time with your new pet. Moreover, these highly energetic dogs require the ownership of active owners or else they can exhibit destructive behavior.

In apartment situation, an average sized yard would be more than necessary to meet their exercise needs.
Dalmatian dogs love to go for long brisk walks and run with great enthusiasm.

Hence, these dogs should be engaged in physical activities at least one to two hours on a daily basis. Never commit the grave crime of leaving your beloved Dalmatian alone for a long period of time because these dogs thrive on human companionship.