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Dachshund dog breed and its name both are supposed to have originated from Germany. In earlier times, they were used as badger dogs and their terrier traits made them excellent hunters. They are available in three sizes, namely Standard, Miniature and Kaninchen. The American Kennel Club (AKC) does not recognize the standard and miniature breeds only.

Dachshund dogs are small dogs that are easy to groom and handle. Hence, first time owners can safely lay their hands on this breed. Generally, these dogs are not too good with small children but a lot depends on their individual personality rather than the general temperament of the breed. These playful and fun-loving dogs can cleverly anticipate your moves. Plus, they truly believe in giving you a helping hand, rather paw, in almost everything you do.

Physical Appearance

A typical Dachshund has short legs and an elongated body. They have a muscular body with a good amount of elasticity in the skin. The long low-to-the-ground body ends with a long swaying tail. They have thick pads that are specifically meant for digging. The dark red or brown-black almond shaped eyes always give a pleasant look. The ears are long with rounded tips. Moreover, they have fairly strong teeth as compared to other breeds of their size.

Color: Dachshund breed dogs come in a variety of colors such as chocolate, fawn, beige, red, blue, black, tan and other colors whether uniquely or in combination. Brindle, dapple, sable and piebald marking are also common.
Height: Standard Dachshund breed dogs can grow up to 8 or 11 inches in height. As for Miniature Dachshund dogs, the average height is generally around 5 to 7 inches.
Weight: The average weight for Standard Dachshund ranges between 16 to 32 pounds. On the other hand, Miniature Dachshunds usually weigh up to 11 pounds or less.

Health Problems

Intervertebral Disk Disease is one of the most common diseases in Dachshund breed dogs. Disc disease and disc injuries are serious diseases which can even lead to paralysis. Plus, they are prone to heart diseases, joint problems, seizure disorders, urinary tract problems, diabetes and other such diseases. Dachshund dogs are also susceptible to Acanthosis nigricans, a disease characterized by dark, thick skin in the groin area and armpits. Dappled Dachshund dogs are susceptible to problems like deafness and blindness.

Dachshunds can become lazy as they age and hence are prone to obesity. Apart from the usual health risks associated with obesity, the typical body structure of your Dachshund can put more strain on his back and increase the risk of slip disk or other back problems. Plus, they should be discouraged from jumping or sitting up for begging as such postures put additional pressure on their backs.

Life Expectancy: The average lifespan of a Dachshund is generally about 12 to 16 years.
Litter Size: The average litter size is 3 to 4 puppies.

Grooming Requirements

The Dachshund dog breed consists of three varieties in terms of coat. It could be smooth haired, long haired or wire haired. The last variety is quite rare and requires professional grooming. Basically, wire haired coat consists of a thick outer coat and a short and soft undercoat. On the other hand, a smooth haired Dachshund requires regular and moderate amount of brushing on a weekly basis to maintain the coat in perfect glossy condition.

The long haired Dachshund dog breed comes with more responsibility and requires daily brushing and combing of the sleek and wavy hair. These dogs shed moderately. They are usually clean and not smelly. So, they can be bathed occasionally. Though, their long ears should be cleaned regularly to prevent ear infections.


This breed of dogs is adventurous, curious, friendly, outgoing, brave and clever. Dachshunds are lively, intuitive, affectionate and smart dogs that like to be involved in the activities of their owners. Usually, they are neither aggressive nor timid. They get along well with other pets in the house. Though, they should not be kept with large dogs as this dog breed is quite fragile and might get injured while playing with a large dog.

They can be good companions for older children, provided they are socialized beforehand. Children should also be given prior instructions in terms of handling these dogs. A Dachshund makes for a good though noisy watchdog. They can be independent to the extent of stubbornness and try to dictate terms to the owner. The task of training and housebreaking might become a bit difficult in such cases.

Key Points

They like to play games like swimming, hide and seek, fetching and other similar games. Although, the fetching game might remain incomplete as a Dachshund will typically run after the toy and hold it but will forget to bring it back to you. Besides, digging is their natural instinct. These lively, small dogs do well in apartment situation. Daily walks, preferably, two times in a day and lively play sessions can help meet the exercise needs of your Dachshund even if you do not have a yard.