Caravan Hound is an ancient breed that originated in India. The breed is also known as Mudhol Hound, Maratha Hound, Pashmi Hound, Pisuri Hound, Karwani etc. Feathered variety is often referred to as “Pashmi”.
In earlier times, Srimanth Raja Malojirao Ghorpade, a former ruler of Mudhol (small town in Bijapur district, Karnataka) had gifted two Caravan Hound puppies to King George V of England. After analyzing the breed, the monarch named these dogs Mudhol Hounds or Hounds of Mudhol.
The Kennel Club of India recognizes this breed as Caravan Hound. It is believed that these dogs were developed from Saluki and Afghan Houndbreed dogs that were brought to India by mercenaries and traders from other parts of Asia.
These dogs are characterized by a lean yet strong build. Head is long and narrow. Their jaws are long and powerful. The large nose tends to be black or liver in color. The medium sized ears hang close to the skull.
They have large, oval shaped eyes that tend to be dark hazel to amber in color. Tail is set low and is carried in a natural curve but not curled over the back. Hair coat tends to be short and smooth, or silky with feathering on ears, legs, thighs, tail and back.
Color: They come in all colors and color combinations.
Height: The average height of these dogs is 26 to 29 inches. Female Caravan Hounds tend to be 23 to 26 inches in height.
Weight: These dogs usually weigh about 58 to 64 pounds. On the other hand, average weight of bitches ranges between 50 to 60 pounds.
Here’s a beautiful video showing Caravan Hound in slow motion.
These dogs are mostly considered healthy.
Life Expectancy: The average life span of these dogs is 10 to 15 years.
Litter Size: –
They are easy to maintain in terms of grooming responsibilities. The ones with short and smooth hair coat are easier to care for than the ones with silky textured coat. Hair coat can be brushed on a weekly basis. Caravan Hound breed is a moderate shedder.
Caravan Hound temperament is courageous, independent and extremely intelligent. These working dogs possess immense strength and speed and are hence considered as keen hunters.
They are best matched with firm and confident and active dog owners who can establish their authority over the dog in a gentle manner. A Caravan Hound dog is not likely to be friendly and does not like to be handled by anyone other than his owner.
Moreover, these dogs are usually aloof and reserved with strangers. Therefore, early, extensive socialization and proper training are must for Caravan Hound puppies to avoid problem behaviors.
When treated with kindness and respect, they can prove to be extremely loyal companions. They can become protective at times.
These sighthounds require a great deal of exercise regularly to keep them healthy and hearty.
So, the ritual of long daily walks is essential to follow. Moreover, long running sessions on a weekly or biweekly basis will also take care of their exercise needs.
In an unsafe or unfenced area, always make sure that the dog is on leash or else his hunting instincts may land him in trouble of getting lost while busy catching a prey. It is suggested not to get this dog in case you cannot fulfill the dog’s activity needs.
The Caravan Hound breed is considered more suitable for rural or suburban settings rather than sedentary apartment living. The dog should be provided access to a large yard with proper fencing arrangement.
Plus, these dogs enjoy human companionship. Thus, they should not be kenneled alone for longer durations. The breed prefers to spend time outdoors in tropical climates.
In its native country India, Caravan Hound dog breed is most popular in the Deccan Plateau region.