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Brussels Griffon

Brussels Griffon

Brussels Griffon

Brussels Griffon dogs are small dogs with terrier like temperament. There are three variations of Griffon dogs. They are: Brussels Griffon, Belgian Griffon and Petit Brabançon. Certain kennel clubs recognize these varieties as varieties of the same dog breed and certain others classify all these three varieties as separate breeds.

These three varieties are usually differentiated on the basis of color and coat texture. These relatively uncommon dogs were originally used as rodent catchers in stables.

Gradually, people started keeping these adorable dogs as companion dogs. This toy breed was developed in Belgium from the Affenpinscher and Belgian street dog. The breed is also known as Griffon Bruxellois.

Physical Appearance

Brussels Griffon dog breed is characterized by large head, domed forehead, short muzzle, wiry hair coat and overall sturdy build. The prominent black eyes are large and set well apart. The high set ears are small in size and carried semi erect when not cropped.

The ears can be cropped and the tail can be docked. However, these activities are considered illegal in certain countries. The short nose with large nostrils is mostly black in color.

Color: Red, black, and black and tan are common Belgian Griffon coat colors.
Height: The average height of Brussels Griffon dogs is generally 7 to 8 inches.
Weight: The ideal weight of male as well as female Brussels Griffons ranges from 6 to 12 pounds.

Health Problems

Brussels Griffon breed dogs are susceptible to breathing problems because of their short muzzles. They are quite sensitive to hot weather and therefore require special care in hot climates. They should not be left outside in the sun for longer durations to avoid heat strokes.

Brussels Griffon dogs are also prone to various types of eye diseases like Lens Luxation, Glaucoma, Cataract and other related problems. Bitches tend to face whelping troubles and usually require caesarian sections.

Life Expectancy: The average lifespan of Brussels Griffon breed dogs is usually 12 to 15 years.
Litter Size: The litter size of this breed is generally about 1-3 puppies.

Grooming Requirements

The thick and harsh hair coat of a Brussels Griffon requires a great deal care and attention. It needs to be brushed on a daily basis to avoid tangles and maintain the shine. Brussels Griffon dogs tend to have longer hair coat as compared to the Belgian Griffon dogs.

It can be trimmed or clipped from time to time for ease of maintenance. It can also be hand stripped. The hair around the beard should be cleaned periodically.

Other grooming activities like trimming the toenails, checking nd cleaning the eyes and ears, brushing the teeth etc. should also be carried out regularly. Belgian Griffon dog breed sheds almost little to no hair.


Brussels Griffon breed dogs are intelligent, inquisitive, lively, cheerful, loving, sensitive, alert, and loyal in temperament. They are highly affectionate but can be quite sensitive or dominating at times.

Therefore, dog behavior problems whether in the form of aggressiveness or extreme shyness should be discouraged by training and socializing the dog right from the beginning. Lack of proper training and socialization may give rise to obsessive barking, separation anxiety, willfulness and even biting.

They are playful with small children but as they are quite fragile, they should not be left unsupervised around mischievous children. In addition, they get along well with other pets in the house. Brussels Griffon dogs make for excellent watchdogs as well.

Key Points

Though active indoors, still Brussels Griffon need to be taken for short daily walks. They thoroughly enjoy such walks and do not require a lot of outdoor activity apart from this.

They are highly suitable for apartment situation and tend to do well even without yards. These charming little entertaining dogs tend to have human like expressions that make them even more appealing. Brussels Griffon dogs can be difficult to housebreak.