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Brittany breed dogs are medium sized, active, good natured and sensitive dogs. These dogs are gentle and friendly with children but have a tendency to become exuberant at times. These hardy sporting dogs serve as highly affectionate family dogs for active families.

The breed was primarily bred in order to hunt birds. Brittany dog breed was originally developed in Brittany, a province in France. This sporting breed is also known by other names like Brittany Spaniel, Brittany Pointer, American Brittany, Brittany Wiegref and Epagneul Breton.

American and French Brittany dogs are considered as subsets of the same Brittany breed. The two breeds are usually similar but there can be some slight differences too.

Physical Appearance

The strong and agile Brittany dog breed is characterized by an athletic and squarely build and long legs. American Brittany dogs are generally taller as well as faster than their French counterparts. They have deep set eyes with heavy eye brows. Dark colored eyes are usually preferred over the light colored ones.

The nose with wide nostrils tends to bear a color similar to the coat color. Their ears are triangular in shape and set high on the head. The tail can be either long or short. The skin is fairly loose to avoid puncture wounds and skin injuries.

Color: These dogs are available in colors like orange and white, black and white, liver and white, liver tri color and black tri color (in clear or roam patterns). Tri colors are accepted but not preferred. Some kennel clubs do not recognize black color.
Height: The average acceptable height of both male as well as female Brittany dogs is 17.5 to 20.5 inches.
Weight: The ideal healthy weight of Brittany dogs ranges between 30 to 40 pounds.

Health Problems

These dogs are generally considered hardy and healthy. Still they are prone to health issues like Epilepsy, Seizure Disorders, Lipfold Pyoderma, Skin Allergies and Eye Diseases, especially inherited Glaucoma and Progressive Retinal Atrophy.

Orthopedic problems like Hip Dysplasia, Luxating Patellas, Arthritis and Spinal paralysis are also quite common in them. Over indulgence in dog treats may give rise to obesity related health risks.

Life Expectancy: The average lifespan for these charming dogs is generally 12 to 14 years.
Litter Size: The litter size can vary from 1 to 11 puppies. But usually, the average litter size is taken as 6.

Grooming Requirements

A Brittany breed dog tends to have a single and non curly hair coat. The texture of the hair coat should be such that it should neither be completely wiry not completely silky, but somewhere between these two textures.

The hair coat is easy to groom and requires minimal efforts as it is relatively short in size. Therefore, it should be brushed and combed at least two times per week. Brittany breed dogs shed their hair coats minimally. They should be bathed or dry shampooed only when necessary.

Their eyes and ears need to be checked and cleaned on a regular basis to avoid infections. Their nails should be clipped once in every two weeks. The feathering around their hocks and feet might also require trimming. Professional grooming may be required in case of dogs used for show purposes.


The easy to train Brittany dogs are sweet, loving, playful, intelligent, inquisitive, alert and enthusiastic in temperament. They are excellent with children and tend to get along well with other pets too. These dogs should be trained and socialized early in life in order to avoid extremely shy or aggressive behavior.

Under normal conditions, these pleasant and jovial dogs can be found looking for ways and means to amuse their owners. They tend to become nervous under stressful circumstances, like arguments between family members.

They are sensitive and crave love and companionship. These highly energetic dogs should always be engaged in some activity or the other in order to avoid boredom and the inventive yet destructive behavior associated with it.

Key Points

These highly independent and free thinkers require consistent and firm owners, or else they can be difficult to control. Moreover, being fairly active indoors, these dogs are usually not recommended for apartment situation with sedentary lifestyle.

Their favorite pastimes are running, swimming and retrieving objects from water. Unlike other breed dogs, these hardy dogs can stay happy in cold and damp weather conditions as well.