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Borzoi dogs are well behaved and aristocratic dogs possessing a great deal of speed and endurance. These large sized dogs are good at tasks like sighting, lure coursing and hunting wolves, hare, fox etc. In fact, the breed was originally bred to course wolves.

These dogs were developed in Russia and were initially known as Russian Wolfhounds. They were quite popular among the Russian nobility in earlier times. Certain other names for the Borzoi dog breed are Russkaya Psovaya Borzaya, Psowaya Barsaya, Barzoï etc. The name Borzoi has been derived from a Russian word “borzii” meaning swift.

Physical Appearance

The elegant and graceful Borzoi dog breed is characterized by a strong and athletic build. These dogs are quite similar to Greyhounds in appearance. The skull is long, narrow and slightly domed and there is almost no stop. The dark eyes bearing a somewhat soft expression are set obliquely. The hair on the neck, hindquarters and tail are longer than the hair present on rest of the body. The long tail is carried low in curve.

Color: Borzoi breed dogs come in a variety of colors like white, black, golden, tan, tan with black markings etc.
Height: The average height of these dogs is generally 28 or more. Female Borzois usually grow to about 26 to 30 inches in height.
Weight: The average weight of these dogs ranges between 75 to 105 pounds. Borzoi bitches weigh 60 to 90 pounds, on an average.

Health Problems

These deep chested dogs are prone to bloating. Therefore, it is recommended to feed Borzoi dogs small meals two to three times in a day instead of feedingthem a single heavy meal.

In addition, do not engage the dog in vigorous physical activity immediately before or after a meal to reduce the chances of developing this troublesome problem. These dogs are also sensitive to anesthesia and other similar drugs and susceptible to eye problems.

Life Expectancy: The average Borzoi life expectancy is considered to be 10 to 12 years.
Litter Size: the average litter size of this breed is usually about 6 puppies.

Grooming Requirements

The long and silky Borzoi hair coat that can be flat, wavy or curly, needs to be brushing and combing two to three times in a week to maintain it in perfect condition. The thick and dirt resistant hair coat can be brushed conveniently with the help of a slicker brush.

The hair coat sheds heavily on a seasonal basis. Other Borzoi groomingactivities include nail clipping, trimming the hair between paw pads, checking and cleaning the ears to avoid infections and other such activities. These dogs need to be bathed only when necessary.


Borzoi temperament is gentle, sweet, sensitive, loyal, affectionate, intelligent and independent. These dogs can be aloof with strangers. They usually get along well with other pets in the house, especially other sighthounds.

Nonetheless, they need to be supervised around smaller animals such as catsand rabbits because of their natural hunting instincts. As for children, these dogs are generally good with children but not as playful as other breeds of dogs.

Borzoi puppies need to be trained and socialized right from the beginning. These smart and confident dogs tend to learn quickly and hence are easy to train. They do not respond well to harsh training methods and easily get bored of repetition. The calm and quiet Borzoi breed dogs are not considered as very good watchdogs because rarely bark.

Key Points

Though relatively inactive indoors, Borzoi dogs still need plenty of physical exercise to remain physically fit. Hence, they need to be taken for long daily walks, jogs or runs. They should to be allowed to run off leash in a safe and secure area, like a properly fenced medium or large sized yard.

They do well in apartment situation, provided they receive adequate mental as well as physical stimulation on a regular basis. Be careful while taking your Borzoi out as these dogs are likely to shoot off without warning to chase smaller animals. Borzoi dogs are more suitable for cooler climates.