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Border Terrier

Border Terrier

Border Terrier

Border Terrier is a small, energetic, good natured and agile breed dog with a unique otter-shaped head. These lovely and lively dogs love to play with small children. The highly active Border Terrier dogs can be completely laid back and lazy at times.

The breed is believed to have originated in the border areas of Scotland and England. In earlier times, these working terriers were used as fox and vermin hunters and were known as Reedwater Terriers and Coquetdale Terriers.

Physical Appearance

Border Terrier dog breed is characterized by a well balanced and muscular body. The short muzzle tends to be dark with a moderately broad stop. The eyes are generally medium in size and dark hazel in color. The small, V-shaped ears usually fold forward close to the cheeks. The tail moderately short tail is thick at the base.

Color: Border Terriers are usually red, grizzle and ten, blue and tan, wheaten in color.
Height: These dogs are generally 13 to 16 inches in height. The bitches, on the other hand, grow to about 11 to 14 inches in height.
Weight: The ideal weight for these dogs should be around 13 to 15.6 pounds. Female Border Terriers are also around 11.5 to 14 pounds in weight.

Health Problems

Border Terrier breed dogs are fairly health with less number of health issues. Still some common health problems in these dogs are Luxating Patella, Hip Dysplasia, Perthes Disease, Seizures, heart problems and various types of eye problems like Progressive Retinal Atrophy, Juvenile Cataract etc.

Besides, some dogs are also prone to a hereditary metabolic disorder known as Canine Epilepoid Cramping Syndrome (CECS) or Spike’s Disease. Border Terriers are often characterized by a high resistance to pain and hence even the simplest of health problems should never be ignored in case of these tolerant dogs.

Life Expectancy: These amazingly delightful usually live up to 15 years or more.
Litter Size: The average Border Terrier litter size is 4-7 puppies.

Grooming Requirements

The short rough Border Terrier hair coat requires moderate amount of grooming. The double coat consists of a short and dense undercoat followed by a harsh and wiry closely fitted outer coat. The weather resistant coat should be brushed at least one or two times per week. They do not shed much.

It is important to note that Border Terrier hair coat should never be clipped as it tends to become curly after clipping. It can be professionally stripped two times in a year. These dogs are relatively dirt free and hence need not be bathed


Border Terrier dog breed is characterized by intelligent, inquisitive, alert, active, sociable, playful, faithful and affectionate in temperament. These lively dogs usually get along well with other pets but still they can not be trusted around small animals due to their strong predatory instincts.

In addition, some Border Terrier dogs have been known to be suspicious of strangers. However, they are generally not aggressive. These smart and obedient dogs are easy to train. Also, early socialization can help avoid timidity in these dogs.

These charming dogs generally find some way or the other to please their owners from time to time. These adorable and sensitive dogs should not be put through harsh training methods. The bold and agile Border Terrier dogs make for excellent watchdogs.

Key Points

Activities like barking, chewing and digging holes are their favorite pastimes, especially when they feel bored or lonely. Border Terrier puppies should be made accustomed to loud noises right from the beginning so as to avoid timid and nervous behavior.

These small yet sturdy dogs require moderate amount of physical exercise. They generally do well in apartment situation, especially when provided with at least a small sized yard.