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Australian Cattle Dog

Australian Cattle Dog

Australian Cattle Dog

Australian Cattle Dog is an agile and courageous medium sized herding dog. The highly active and energetic Australian Cattle Dog breed is suitable for owners with active lifestyle. Being affectionate, loyal and intelligent, the dog makes for a wonderful family pet.

As the name suggest, the Australian Cattle Dog is an excellent cattle herder. The breed was originally developed in Australia by cross breeding of Dingo, blue-merle Collie, black and tan Kelpie and Dalmatian breed dogs.

Australian Cattle Dogs do extremely well in dog sports and obedience competitions. Australian Heeler, Queensland Heeler, Blue Heeler and Red Heeler are some of the most popular names for this breed.

Physical Appearance

Australian Cattle Dog is a robust, well muscled and athletic dog with the body little longer than it is tall. The oval shaped eyes are medium in size and dark brown in color.

The pricked and moderately pointed ears are set wide apart on the skull and small to medium in size. The moderately low set tail tends to hang in a slight curve.

Color: Australian Cattle Dog coat color is generally blue, blue speckled, blue mottled with blue black or tan markings. It can also be red speckled with dark red markings on the head.
Height: These dogs are usually 18 to 20 inches in height. Female Australian Cattle Dogs can be a bit shorter, that is 17 to 19 inches.
Weight: Ideally, these dogs should weigh around 32 to 35 pounds. The bitches are generally 30 to 35 pounds in weight.

Health Problems

Australian Cattle Dog breed is prone to health issues like Hip Dysplasia, Elbow dysplasia, Arthritis and other related health problems. Eye diseases (especially Progressive Retinal Atrophy) are also quite common in this dog breed. Merle-colored dogs are more susceptible to congenital hereditary deafness.

Life Expectancy: The average lifespan of a healthy Australian Cattle Dog tends to be 12 to 15 years.
Litter Size: The average Australian Cattle Dog litter size is 5 puppies.

Grooming Requirements

The short and weather resistant hair coat of an Australian Cattle Dog is easy to groom with minimal grooming requirements. Simply brush and comb the hair coat on a weekly basis with the help of a firm bristle brush to maintain the hair coat in perfect condition.

Bathe your Australian Cattle Dog only when necessary, perhaps once in a month’s time so as to retain the natural weather resistant properties of the coat.

Plus, regularly pay attention to other grooming activities like eye cleaning, ear cleaning, teeth brushing, nail trimming etc. These dogs shed the hair coat moderately one or two times in a year.


Australian Cattle Dog breed is active, intelligent, fearless, loving, obedient, trustworthy and protective in temperament. These dogs can become independent and strong willed at times.

However, they are easy to train, particular when positive reinforcements are used. In the absence of proper training and socialization, Australian Cattle Dog can become destructive and aggressive.

The dog is mostly good with children, especially when socialized early. Though, the same can not be said about the breed’s compatibility with other pets in the house. These intensely devoted dogs are naturally suspicious of strangers and hence make for excellent watchdogs.

Key Points

It is essential to provide your Australian Cattle Dog with adequate amount of physical and mental stimulation if you do not want your beloved dog to become bored and display annoyingly destructive behavior.

Activities like retrieving, running and playing other such games can help provide a good amount of physical exercise to the dogs in the most interesting way.

These dogs are usually not considered suitable for apartment life or other settings with small living space. Therefore, they require plenty of space, preferably in a large sized or a farm where they tend to find birds and other creatures for their entertainment.