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American Eskimo Dog

American Eskimo Dog

American Eskimo Dog

American Eskimo Dog is a non sporting Nordic type dog. These small to medium sized Spitz dogs are believed to have descended from German Spitz, Keeshond, Pomeranian and other such dog breeds. They are available in three sizes: Toy, Miniature and Standard.

Consequently, the breed is known as Toy Eskimo Dog, Miniature Eskimo Dog or Standard Eskimo dog according to the size. In earlier times, these dogs were used as circus dogs because of their high agility and speed that helped them perform tricks perfectly. They are also good at competitive obedience, narcotics detection, and watchdog and guard dog duties.

Physical Appearance

Compact in build, American Eskimo Dog is quite similar to small Samoyed, Pomeranian or Keeshond in appearance. The head is wedge shaped with evenly proportioned skull and muzzle.

The slightly oval eyes, bearing alert and intelligent expression, are dark in color and set well apart. The pointed ears are triangular in shape and blend softly with the head. The nose is black to dark brown in color.

Color: American Eskimo Dogs are white in color. White with cream or biscuit markings is also allowed.
Height: The average height of Toy American Eskimo Dog breed is about 9 to 12 inches. Miniature and Standard American Eskimo Dogs are usually more than 12 and more than 15 inches respectively.
Weight: The average weight of Toy American Eskimo Dogs ranges between 6 to 10 pounds. On the other hand, the ideal weight of Miniature and Standard varieties of American Eskimo Dog breed ranges between 10 to 20 and 18 to 35 pounds respectively.

Health Problems

Some common health problems in American Eskimo Dog breed are Hip Dysplasia, Luxating Patella, Progressive Retinal Atrophy, Cataract, Flea Allergies etc.

These dogs are also prone to tearing and staining caused by tearing. Plus, pay special attention towards your pet’s diet and exercise or else your beloved American Eskimo Dog has a tendency of gaining weight quite easily.

Life Expectancy: The average life span of these delightful dogs is 15 years or more.
Litter Size: The average American Eskimo Dog litter size is about 5 puppies.

Grooming Requirements

The thick double hair coat of American Eskimo Dog requires regular grooming, at least two times per week and almost daily brushing during the shedding seasons. The double coat consists of a thick undercoat followed by a long and coarse outer coat.

It is not wavy or curly. It is advisable to use a firm bristle brush to comb the hair coat easily. American Eskimo Dog grooming requirements tend to increase during the shedding seasons when the dog sheds the hair coat moderately two times in a year.

In addition, bathe the dog only when necessary in order to retain the natural skin oils on the dry skin. Besides, check and clean the eyes and ears on a regular basis. Trim the hair between paw pads on a weekly basis.


American Eskimo Dog temperament is loyal, affectionate, protective, sensitive, playful and highly intelligent. These dogs are easy to train because of their obedience and unending willingness to please the owners. They are friendly with young children and get along well with other pets in the house with proper socialization.

Spend sufficient time with your adorable and fun loving American Eskimo Dog and give proper attention or else the dog may develop overly shy or too aggressive dog behavior. These attentive dogs are naturally wary of strangers. However, after familiarization, they become friendly with strangers over time.

Key Points

American Eskimo Dog breed is not a hyperactive breed but tends to become hyperactive when not provided adequate physical and mental stimulation. Therefore, they should be taken on long daily walks and given sufficient opportunity for play to meet their physical exercise needs. They love swimming too.

These dogs are generally recommended for firm and assertive owners, whether experienced or first time dog owners. Being fairly active indoors, the American Eskimo Dog breed is well suited for apartment situation even with a small yard.